A quick overview on diabetes

Read on for 2-minute-read on the symptoms and effects of diabetes and the remedial measures to be taken

By Jyoti Gupta

Diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce a hormone called insulin, which is needed for the assimilation and utilisation of sugar.


  • Juvenile diabetes which develops since childhood
  • Maturity–onset diabetes which develops in adult stage
  • Gestational diabetes which affects pregnant women


  • Unusual hunger
  • Abnormal thirst
  • Constant urination
  • Fatigue
  • Problems in vision
  • Slow healing of wounds


  • Unhealthy diet
  • Lack of exercise leading to obesity

Diabetes can affect the functioning of the kidneys, heart, eyes, nerves and other organs leading to other chronic diseases like

  • Coronary heart disease
  • Cataract and other vision defects

Remedial measures

  • A very light diet comprising of fruits and vegetables, which is positive and health-giving to maintain optimal blood glucose levels
  • A herbal drink  like Bilva leaf juice is found to be very effective and can be  taken early morning
  • Morning walks should be a part of daily routine
  • Yoga and pranayama also prove beneficial
  • Avoid smoking and drinking habits
  • Do not take unnecessary stress. Do meditation to keep your mind calm
  • Avoid sweets made of refined sugar and fried food containing high cholesterol
  • Check your blood glucose regularly to keep track

Effective foods

  • Amla, jamun and bitter-gourd in powder form to be taken once or twice a day
  • Seeds of jamun can be dried and powdered. This powder mixed in water can be taken 3-4 times a day  to quench thirst and reduce the quantity of sugar in urine
  • Juice of bitter gourd taken early morning helps in lowering the blood and urine sugar levels
  • Fenugreek seeds have been found highly effective in the treatment and help in reducing the levels of glucose
  • Tomato is a very good food for diabetics because of its low carbohydrate content
  • Intake of water extract of channa enhances the utilization of glucose
  • Groundnuts are valuable in diabetes
  • Grapefruit  can be taken 3 times a day
  • Soyabean having no starch is an energy giving food
  • Water obtained from soaking mango leaves overnight should be taken in the morning.


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Dr S Natarajan

Ophthalmologist (Vitreo-Retina Surgeon)

He is an ophthalmologist and vitreo retinal surgeon of Aditya Jyot Eye Hospita...

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It is most important to control blood sugar levels...

Dr S Natarajan,

Ophthalmologist (Vitreo-Retina Surgeon)